Healthy Living

2017

Goldsboro News-Argus - Healthy Living

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Thursday, June 29, 2017 Healthy Living — 5 B y R O C H E L L E M O O R E r moore @ ne wsarg us.co m Itc hy, watery eyes, s neezi ng a n d nasal co n- gestio n are co m mo n reactio ns d uri ng t he s pri ng a n d early s u m mer as pla nts are bloo m- i ng. A n d ty pically, if a col d frost does n't ta ke hol d d uri ng t he previo us wi nter, allergic reac- tio ns ca n be worse, sai d Dr. J. Davi d C u n ni ng ha m, a n ear, nose a n d t hroat p hysi- cia n wit h Vi da nt E N T Si n us a n d Allergy i n Gol dsboro. " We never really got a frost, a n d w he n yo u do n't get a col d s pell, a lot of t he mol ds i n t he air a n d i n t he dirt never die," C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " So, i n years w he n we do n't really have a goo d, col d weat her perio d, t he follo wi ng year te n ds to (i ncl u de) worse allergies." A d ditio nal water i n t he Way ne Co u nty area, follo wi ng H urrica ne Matt he w i n October, a n d s ubseq ue nt rai nfalls, has also le d to a n i ncrease i n mol d i n t he e nviro n me nt a n d more allergic reactio ns, he sai d. Allergies, most co m mo n i n c hil dre n, ca n occ ur at a ny age. Airbor ne allergies, res ulti ng fro m allerge ns i n t he e nviro n me nt, start as early as age 4 a n d co nti n ue t hro ug h age 35, b ut ca n lesse n over ti me if co nsiste nt ex po- s ure occ urs, C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " Over deca des of ti me, yo ur bo dy gets less allergic, perio d," C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " Every deca de, yo u're not as allergic as yo u were beca use yo ur bo dy lear ns, as lo ng as yo u have so me ex pos ure." Allergic reactio ns ta ke place w he n a per- so n's i m m u ne syste m reacts to a foreig n s ub- sta nce, li ke polle n, pet da n der or d ust. T he allergic res po nse occ urs after t he i m m u ne syste m pro d uces a ntibo dies t hat tar- get a n allerge n, lea di ng to co m mo n sy m pto ms, i ncl u di ng i nfla me d si n uses a n d air ways. T he level of reactio n also i nte nsifies if so me- o ne is ex pose d to a large a mo u nt of t he aller- ge n, C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " To a certai n exte nt, t he sy m pto ms yo u get fro m allergies is beca use of w hat ha p pe ns i n t hat allergic res po nse, a n d it's de pe n de nt o n ho w allergic yo u are to it a n d ho w m uc h yo u're ex pose d," he sai d. " T here's no real allergy seaso n beca use it de pe n ds o n w hat yo u're se nsitive to." Allergies differ i n eac h perso n, b ut are pri- marily drive n by ge netics, C u n ni ng ha m sai d. Co m mo n airbor ne allergies ca n i ncl u de polle n, grass, d ust, mol d, wee ds a n d a ni mal da n der. So me peo ple also have ot her allergies to s uc h t hi ngs as foo d, me dici ne or ite ms t hat ca n irri- tate t he s ki n. " Ty pically, w hat I tell patie nts abo ut aller- gies is t hat n u mber o ne, it's a ge netically- dri- ve n disor der," C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " Allergies r u n i n fa milies. If yo u have t he ge ne, t he n yo u're more pre dis pose d to get t hese reactio ns." T he s pri ng a n d early s u m mer mo nt hs ty pi- cally i ncl u de allergic reactio ns to grasses a n d tree polle ns, w hile fall a n d wi nter mo nt hs res ult i n mol d, wee d polle n a n d d ust allergies. " Early s pri ng, Marc h t hro ug h J u ne, is w he n t he grass polle ns are hig h, t he tree polle ns are hig h a n d t here's a lot of peo ple w ho are aller- gic to t hose t hi ngs," C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " Part of t he proble m i n t his area is not o nly do we have t he t hi ngs t hat are gro wi ng, b ut we've got t he far mers tilli ng u p t he soil fre- q ue ntly. So, all t he mol ds t hat are i n t he soil are getti ng p ulle d u p i n t he air every ti me t hey till. "If yo u're allergic to mol d, t he worst ti me is fall a n d wi nter. T hat's w he n mol ds are hig h- est." T he first ste p i n co mbati ng allergies is avoi da nce, s uc h as weari ng a mas k w hile c ut- ti ng grass, a d di ng air p urifiers i n t he ho me, ma ki ng s ure d ust is mi ni mal, clea ni ng heati ng a n d air co n ditio ni ng filters a n d wor ki ng to kee p allerge ns off t he bo dy. T he next ste p is to use me dici nes, w hic h serve to bloc k t he bo dy's allergic res po nse, a n d a nasal steroi d s pray, w hic h hel ps re d uce a st uffy nose. If allergies are more severe, so me peo ple are prescribe d steroi d pills, C u n ni ng ha m sai d. Allergic reactio ns t hat are not co ntrolle d ca n so meti mes lea d to more serio us proble ms, i ncl u di ng si n usitis, ear i nfectio ns, c hest aller- gies a n d ast h ma, he sai d. Allergy tests, w hic h are not al ways neces- sary, ca n i de ntify w hat a perso n is allergic to. Vi da nt E N T Si n us a n d Allergy provi des aller- gy testi ng services. Allergy s hots are also available a n d ca n serve to re d uce sy m pto ms b ut req uire a ti me co m mit me nt for reg ular treat me nts. Ot her ways to re d uce allergic reactio ns i ncl u de pre pari ng before t he s pri ng, fall or wi nter seaso ns a n d usi ng sali ne s pray reg u- larly, w hic h ca n c ut bac k t he a mo u nt of aller- ge n ex pos ure. "If yo u k no w w hat yo u're allergic to a n d yo u pre pare before t he seaso n t hat yo u're ex pose d, yo u do O K, b ut yo u have to stay a hea d of t he c urve i nstea d of al ways tryi ng to catc h u p," C u n ni ng ha m sai d. " O ne of t he t hi ngs I tell patie nts t hat have airbor ne t hi ngs t hat's safe a n d it's not a me di- ci ne, is j ust use a lot of sali ne s pray beca use eve n t ho ug h yo u're ex pose d to t he polle ns, t he lo nger t he polle ns are o n yo u, t he more tro u- ble yo u get. "If yo u're freq ue ntly was hi ng t he polle ns off of yo ur tiss ue, yo u do n't react as m uc h." Ne ws- Argus/ R O C H E L L E M O O R E Dr. J. Davi d C u n ni n g ha m, a n ear, n ose a n d t hr oat p hysicia n wit h Vi da nt E N T Si n us a n d Aller gy, h ol ds a c o ntai ner of sali ne s pray, w hic h re d uces aller ge ns t hat tri g ger aller gic reacti o ns. War m winter and even hurricane can aggravate allergies Ne ws- Argus/ R O C H E L L E M O O R E Here are s o me c o m m o n me dici nes a n d pr o d ucts use d t o re d uce aller gic reacti o ns.

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